• The biological standard of living
• Conceptualizations of the Industrial Revolution
• The use of quantitative methods and economic theory in historical analysis
Ph.D. University of Chicago, 1978 - History.
Ph.D. University of Chicago, 1990 - Economics.
1986-1992 Associate Professor of History and of Economics; University of Pittsburgh, (1986-1988 Ass. Prof).
1985-86, Visiting Professor, Department of Economics,
1995 (Fall) Duke University, Durham, NC.
1984-1986 Postdoctoral Fellow, Population Center, University of
North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.
1991, 1987 (Summers) Visiting Professor, Dept. of Social and
1984 Economic History, School of Economics, Vienna, Austria.
1984-1985 Instructor, Department of Economics, North Carolina
State University, Raleigh, NC.
1983-1984 Visiting Professor, Department of Economics, University
of Vienna, Austria.